Animal Feed

How to make feeds for free range indigenous chickens

Poultry farming is a major economic activity among rural and even urban farmers in Kenya. However, the cost of feeds is so high that farmers find it difficult to buy commercial feeds. Making own feeds at home, reduces costs and increases profit.

Use dry season to prepare fodder planting material

It is not easy for farmers to get enough cuttings or rootstocks for planting fodder in large portions of land. One way to deal with this is to establish a nursery, which, serves as a multiplication area. This can be done about 2-3 months before the rains.

Take advantage of short rains, make silage

With the expected rains, farmers can boost their fodder reserves by using excess crop residue on the farm or plant short season crops. When making silage, the chopped crop is stored in airtight bags, pits or silos. It ferments resulting in the production of acid, which prevents decomposition and growth of unwanted organisms that can spoil the fodder.

Plant Calliandra for fodder and soil fertility

Many farmers have complained that they have great difficulties in feeding their livestock during the dry season. It seems they are yet to understand that you cannot depend on fresh Napier grass or other green vegetation to feed livestock throughout the year.

Sunflower is a good source of animal feed

Sunflower provides high quality feed for livestock, it also produces healthy oil for people. Most dairy farmers may not know the value of sunflower as feed for dairy cows and even chickens. The main source of feed for dairy cows is Napier grass, maize stalks and hay.

Feed raw material suppliers in Kenya, let us build a directory

Farmers who need raw materials for feed making including feed additives (pre-mixes and amino acids) can order them from outlets nearest to them. The following outlets sell the ingredients in different towns shown below:

Poultry Keeping: What farmers need to succeed

Poultry keeping continues to be one of the most popular enterprises among small-scale farmers in Kenya. This is because it is one of cheapest farming enterprises that require little capital to start. Of late, there has been a shift towards keeping indigenous chickens.

Know your pasture grasses: Foxtail, the choice grass for beef farmers in arid areas.

Beef producers often incur losses when fodder is in short supply. But adjusting animals’ feeding program can help farmers produce quality beef during periods of drought. Beef production is mostly done in the arid and semi arid regions of East Africa. 

Lablab is good for food and fodder

Lablab is a source of protein for both humans and livestock. The legume improves soil fertility, is suitable as a cover crop and can be rotated with other crops. Forage legumes are important because they improve soil fertility through nitrogen fixation.

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